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Kefalonia or Kefallinia is an island of the Ionian Sea which belongs to "Eptanisa". It is the sixth biggest island of Greece after Crete, Evvoia, Lesvos, Rhodes and Chios. It is also the most mountainous island of Eptanisa, and the third most populous after Corfu and Ithaka. Kefalonia is placed opposite the Patras bay, north of Zante, south of Lefkada and west of Ithaka.
Kefalonia is placed opposite the Patras bay, north of Zante, south of Lefkada and west of Ithaka. It covers an area of 773 square kilometers and has population around 35.801 people. Large part of the island is covered by the mountain range of ‘’Ainos’’ which has been characterized as a National Park, with the highest mountain picks being ‘’Megas Soros’’ (1628 m.), ‘’Agia Dynati’’ (1131 m.), ‘’Eymorfia’’ (1043 m.) and ‘’Kokkini Rachi’’ (1078 m.)

Ainos mountain range is famous worldwide for the existence of the unique ‘’Black fir of Kefalonia’’ and that’s why has the name of ‘’Monte Nero’’ (Black Mountain) and also from the packs of small sized wild horses of the race ‘’Equus Caballus’’.

The shores of Kefalonia form many bays and capes. Most famous bays are ‘’Sami’’, ‘’Myrtos’’, ‘’Lourdas’’, ‘’Atheras’’, ‘’Fiskardo’’, ‘’Livadi’’ and bay of Argostoli known also as ‘’Koutavos’’. Famous capes are ‘’Mounda’’, ‘’Kapros’’, ‘’Mytikas’’, ‘’Dafnoudi’’ and others.
Another interesting phenomenon of the island is the large number of caves that can be found almost everywhere on it, like the famous ‘’Melissani’’, ‘’Drogkarati’’, ‘’Zervati’’ and others.

The island is also famous for the large number of beautiful and awarded beaches worldwide, with crystal clear waters surrounded by rocks and trees. One of them is Myrtos Beach which has been voted 11 times as the best Greek beach.
In the 1953 the island was hit by a large scale earthquake, which had as a result the largest percentage of buildings to collapse.

There are evidences that the island has been inhabited since the Paleolithic era. The first known people were called ‘’Leleges’’ which were living on the island from the 15th century BC.

The name of the island comes from the mountainous people called ‘’Kefallines’’ and has been proposed more likely to be the homeland of Odysseus the hero of Homeric poem, rather than neighbor island of Ithaka.

Kefalonia was also conquered by the Roman empire and was also part of the Byzantine empire. From 1185 till 1479 it was province of the Kingdom of Sicily. After this and until 1500, the island fell to the Ottoman empire, and then to Venice Republic after a great victory, where they succeeded against Ottomans in the second Venice-Ottoman war. In 1797, all the area of "Eptanisa" including Kefallonia, were conquered by French, but on 1809 they were conquered by the British Empire. On the 29th of March 1864, due to an agreement in London, the British gave "Eptanisa" to the Kingdom of Greece as a gift. Since then, all the area remained to Greece, apart from two periods on the first world war when the island conquered again by France, and the second world war when it was conquered at the beginning by the Italians and then by the Germans.
It is very interesting to note that a large number of the surnames of the people of the island has suffix -atos, as well as many villages, places and settlements. This phenomenon first time appeared back inthe 13th century.

The island has two female monasteries. The first is the monastery of ‘’Agios Andreas Milapidias’’,which is placed at the municipality of ‘’Livatho’’, while the second is placed at the center of the island in the province of ‘’Omala’’ and is dedicated to the protector of the island ‘’Saint Gerasimos’’, from which many newborn children on the island are called Gerasimos for the males, and Gerasimia for the females. On the second monastery has happened a funny well-known incident when on a Great Thursday liturgy, a local drunk priest found that the 12 gospels were 13.

The Attractions

things to do and see in kefalonia

Horse Riding

at the beautiful beach of ‘’Lourdata’’


in many beautiful beaches around the island, experiencing the crystal clear waters and visiting some of the underwater caves


near and under the many rocking formations near the shores of the island

sunset tours

Sunset tours on isolated beaches around the island and Vardiani island, or on famous beaches like ‘’Xi’’, combined with traditional Greek food and wine served on tour


Visit the three monasteries ‘’Agios Andreas Milapidias’’, which took the name from the unique species of fruit that grows there, which is a combination of apple (Milo in Greek) and Pear (Apidi in Ancient Greek) , ‘’Agios Gerasimos’’ the protector Saint of the island, and the monastery of kipouria with the amazing view

Venetian fortress

Visit the old Byzantine and later Venetian fortress of ‘’Agios Georgios’’, which was built on the 12th century and used to be the capital of the island till 1757. Inside its walls, churches and many buildings are still saved intact to this day

‘’rival’’ cities

Explore the two big so-called ‘’rival’’ cities, ‘’Argostoli’’ the capital of the island, and ‘’Lixouri’’ which lays opposite to the first. The rivalry begun on 1758, when it was decided Argostoli to become the capital of the island. The population of Lixouri was against this. The rivalry lasted for years, with the biggest incident to take place in 1808 when a ship from Lixouri cannoned Argostoli. The population of Argostoli, which is also the biggest city of the island, is around 9748 people. It was first inhabited around 1600. Since 1810, the island had British government the famous one ‘’De Bosset’’, who built many remarkable buildings, such as ‘’The De Bosset Bridge’’ which is the longest rock bridge over water worldwide, with length of around 700 meters. Since 2005, vehicles are not allowed to pass the bridge due to some damages on the bridge, and nowadays is closed for everyone till it will be renovated. Argostoli was also the second city in Greece that was electrified
A major sight to see of Argostoli is ‘’The ‘’Lithostroto’’, a sidewalk in the center of the city, ‘’Katavothres’’ next to the lighthouse which is one of the mysteries of the island, since the sea enters the land, and disappears to underground tunnels, believed to be connected to the other side of the island 14 km away from that point, the ‘’Korgialenios’’ library, ‘’Fanari’’ and others. Closest beaches are ‘’Makrys Gialos’’ and ‘’Platys Gialos’’.
On the other hand, Lixouri is the ancient city ‘’Pali’’, which was a traditional ally of Ancient Corinth, and big Agricultural centre of old years, with a population of 3750 people. It was opposed to the Macedonian army and the Roman Empire. The whole city was completely destroyed from two earthquakes in 1867 and 1953, which resulted in the destruction of many historical buildings. The city has one of the oldest Greek Philharmonics, ‘’The Philharmonic School of Pali’’, found in 1836.
Major buildings and sightseeing are the ‘’Vallianios Professional School’’, the historical building of the ‘’First Primary School’’, the ‘’Iakovatios Library’’, the ruins of the ancient city and many others.
Near Lixouri there are many famous beaches such as ‘’Xi’’, an organized beach with shallow waters and red sand, ‘’Petanoi’’, also organized surrounded by huge rocks and dense vegetation, famous for the amazing sunset views, which took its name from the Greek words Petao (Fly) and Nous (Mind), ‘’Atheras’’, a small bay which has also a small painted blue church (Agios Spyridonas) on the side, and is believed to be the homeland of Odysseus, ‘’Platia Ammos’’, a more isolated beach which can be reached through 400 steps from the road and others.

Explore ‘’Sami’’

Sami is on the east part of the island opposite ‘’Ithaka’’ island, which is also a port that connects mainland with the island of Kefalonia. It has population of 1.025 people and was inhabited since prehistoric ages. Near this area are the two famous caves of ‘’Melissani’’, which was discovered on 1951 and lays 20 meters under the surface, and is decorated by stalactites and stalagmites, and also ‘’Drogarati’’, a 100 million years old cave which is 95 meters with great acoustics. It was discovered 300 years ago, due to a big earthquake that destroyed part of its roof, also the lake ‘’Abythos’’ on the way to ‘’Poros’’, which is believed to be bottomless. Another famous lake in this area is ‘’Karavomylos’’. Famous beaches near Sami are ‘’Antisamos’’, a rocky bay opposite Ithaka island, and ‘’Agia Paraskevi’’, a more isolated beach that is most of the time quiet, without waves

‘’Ainos National Park’’

Walk inside ‘’Ainos National Park’’, which was founded in 1962 in order to protect the forest of ‘’Abies Cephalonica Loudon’’, first described as a new species in 1838. It is the smallest national park of Greece, which is divided in two independent but neighboring areas. It is rich in flora and fauna and belongs to the European Ecological System ‘’Natura 2000’’



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